Security, in the context of a Cloudify Manager, means securing communication with the Cloudify Manager and controlling who has permissions to use it to execute various operations.
Secured communication is achieved using SSL, which allows clients to validate the authenticity of the Cloudify Manager, and to ensure that the data sent to and from it is encrypted.
Controlling access to Cloudify Manager, and permissions to perform actions, is implemented via Flask-Security, to support user authentication and authorization.

Cloudify Manager is secured by default. It cannot be bootstrapped in a non-secured way.

Details about Cloudify’s SSL and Access Control implementation and configuration are provided below.

Cloudify security for client access focuses on the REST service, which this is the first and only access point of clients to Cloudify Manager. All requests to Cloudify Manager are authenticated and authorized before reaching their endpoint.
For example, when a Cloudify Console user attempts to upload a new blueprint, a request is sent to the REST service’s /blueprints endpoint through port 80 / 443. The request only reaches the endpoint if the user is logged in and is authorized to upload blueprints. Similarly, a user who executes the CLI command cfy deployments list triggers a request to execute GET on /deployments that is only be successful if it includes valid credentials that identify an authorized user.
Requests generated by other HTTP clients (e.g. curl) must also include valid credentials. Required credentials are a user name and password, or a Cloudify-generated token, and a tenant name. If credentials are missing, invalid, or represent an unauthorized user, the request fails with a “401: Unauthorized User” error.


A combination of roles, permissions and multi-tenancy provides the framework for authorization and resource isolation.

Roles and Permissions

Cloudify includes built-in user roles with which users are associated:

Each role has different permissions, ensuring a role-based access control operation. For example, users with the user role cannot perform Cloudify administration operations such as snapshot management. A user can be suspended using the deactivate command. A deactivated user cannot perform operations.


Cloudify supports the concept of users, user groups, and tenants. These elements can be either defined locally in Cloudify, or taken from an external user management system (LDAP integration is native). In the latter case, passwords are not stored in Cloudify, authentication is performed via LDAP and a token is generated and used for the user session.
A user can be associated with one or more groups, and one or more tenants.
A group can be associated with one or more tenant.

A user who is authenticated to Cloudify may only access resources that belong to the tenants to which that user has been assigned. Resource isolation is implemented for blueprints, artifacts, deployments, nodes, logs, events, and plugins.

An additional layer of permission control is implemented on resources, allowing private resource configuration. A resource that is created as private is only visible to the user who created that resource, and not to other users within the tenant. The exception is a user with an admin role, who has full access to all system resources.

All REST APIs, except admin APIs and the version API, require a tenant, and operations are associated with the specified tenant. In the case of Read operations, only information about the specified tenant is returned. In the case of Write operations, the resource is added to the specified tenant.

Admin APIs are provided for the following resources (and are available only to admin users):

RabbitMQ isolation is achieved through the use of virtual hosts and the association between hosts and users, which enables authorization at the queue/exchange level and results in isolation of queues between tenants. In this configuration it is impossible for a host VM from tenant A to access/request operations on host VMs that belong to tenant B.



Communication from the external environment to Cloudify Manager and its SSL/TLS configuration is the user’s responsibility (CA/host verification, etc.), where the endpoints include the UI and REST API. Communication between Cloudify agents and Cloudify Manager (and within Cloudify Manager) is the responsibility of Cloudify, and is determined by Cloudify. Cloudify generates the necessary certificates for internal communication. Credentials do not appear in log files (cloud/RabbitMQ/Cloudify).

Communication channels

SSL for internal communication

All internal communications between internal services/agents and the REST API/RabbitMQ are done over SSL.

During the bootstrap, the manager creates (or accepts as input) an internal CA certificate and key. Cloudify then creates an SSL keypair with a matching certificate that contains the private IP and all the management network IPs as its CN value. The keypair is used by both RabbitMQ and REST API/file server for internal access.

As part of the agent’s installation script, Cloudify’s internal CA certificate is propagated to the agent’s host in order to validate the manager’s certificate. There are no agent-host certificates.

Customizing SSL for internal communication

You can override the internal Manager certificate, and the CA certificate in the Cloudify Manager configuration. To provide a custom internal CA certificate for the agents to use, add the ca_certificate and optionally ca_key inputs must be set in the /opt/cloudify/config.yaml file during (installation or update of the Cloudify Manager. To provide a custom internal certificate, use the internal_certificate and internal_key inputs. If none are provided, Cloudify will generate the CA and the internal certificate automatically.

SSL mode for external communication

Cloudify manager, by default, doesn’t use SSL for external communication. You can set the manager to use ssl for the external communication during bootstrap or after bootstrap.

During bootstrap, you can edit the manager blueprint input. In the Security Settings section, set ssl_enabled parameter to true, in order to set the manager ssl mode.

You can set the rest_certificate and rest_key parameters, to use your own certificate. If missing, the manager will auto generate the certificate.

After bootstrap, you can use cfy ssl command to enable or disable the ssl mode. You can also change the manager certificate by replacing the files under /etc/cloudify/ssl/. The relevant files are: cloudify_external_cert.pem and cloudify_external_key.pem.

When bootstrapping with ssl mode, during the bootstrap the certificate will be copied to the local cli-profile. When using CA signed certificate, you’ll need to update it in the cli-profile (to contain the CA certificate and not the manager certificate) or to remove it (depends on the organization configuration)

In order to update the certificate in the cli-profile, you’ll need to run the following command: cfy profile set --rest-certificate CA_CERT_PATH

In case you renew the certificate, just update it in the manager, under /etc/cloudify/ssl.

Additional Security Information

For more information about the secrets store, click here.


Security operations, such as authenticating success or failure and user details, are audited in dedicated log file on the management server.
The default configuration is:

audit_log_file: /var/log/cloudify/rest-security-audit.log
audit_log_level: INFO
audit_log_file_size_MB: 100
audit_log_files_backup_count: 20